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Function Compositionλ︎

We have discussed how functional programs are essentially a number of functions that work together, this is called composition (functional composition).

(let [calculated-value (* 10 (reduce +  (map inc (range 5))))]

This expression is common in the Lisp & Clojure languages. Occasionally the created expressions can becomes challenging to read. To overcome this parsing complexity, developers often break down a more complex expression into its parts, extracting code into its own function.

Note Brake down the above example into each expression that gives a value

(range 5)

(map inc (range 5))

(reduce +  (map inc (range 5)))

(* 10 (reduce +  (map inc (range 5))))

;; Additional examples

;; Use a let expression for code that is used more than once in a function

(let [calculated-value (* 10 (reduce +  (map inc (range 5))))]

;; Use defn to define a function for code that multiple functions will call
;; and generalise the function with arguments

(defn common-data-calculation
  [certainty-factor scope]
  (* certainty-factor (reduce +  (map inc (range scope)))))