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First Class functionsλ︎

Idempotent - given the same input you get the same output


Write an expression to add up the numbers from 1 to 10 and return the overall total.

(+ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10)


Create an expression to do the same calculation, but without having to write all the numbers. Hint: consider the functions called range and reduce.

The range function generates a sequence of numbers and when given arguments it does so from a specific range. The second number is exclusive, so for 1 to 10 the second argument should be 11.

(range 1 11)

Unfortunately we cant just add the result of a range, because it returns a lazy sequence So (range) by itself will create an error

(+ 1 (range 1 11))

Using a function called reduce we can calculate a single total value from all the numbers in the collection.

The reduce function take 2 arguments, the first is the function to apply to a data structure, the second is the data structure.

(reduce + (range 1 11))

(reduce + (1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10))