A Vector of Mapsλ︎
Vectors are good for holding any information whether that be simple values or other collections.
Maps are good for defining data with semantic meaning, using the keys to express the context of the values.
*Note Define a simple data structure for a collection of stocks in a portfolio. This would contain a collection of stock information, with each stock holding the ticker name, last trading monetary value and opening monetary value.
This is a vector of maps, as there will be one or more company stocks to track. Each map represents the stock information for a company.
We can get the value of the whole data structure by referring to it by name
As the data structure is a vector (ie. array like) then we can ask for a specific element by its position in the array using the
Lets get the map that is the first element (again as a vector has array-like properties, the first element is referenced by zero)
The vector has 4 elements, so we can access the last element by referencing the vector using 3
As portfolio is a collection, also known as a sequence, then we can use a number of functions that provide common ways of getting data from a data structure
We can get specific information about the share in our portfolio, or as the keys in each map are defined with Clojure keywords, we can also use the keywords to return the specific values they pair with.
If we want to get specific share information across the whole portfolio, then we can simply
:ticker keyword over each share in portfolio